1813-1885; scientist; b. Belfast, 19 Dec.; ed. RBAI, Glasgow, Dublin,
and Edinburgh; studied chemistry under Dumas in Paris; diploma of Royal
College of Surgeons, Edinburgh; MD, 1835; private practice in Belfast;
vice-president of Northern (now Queen's) College, Belfast, 1845; Prof.
of Chemistry, QUB, 1849-79; showed that ozone is not a compound but oxygen
in allotropic form; his work on continuity of gaseous and liquid states
discovered the existence of a critical temperature above which gas cannot
be converted to liquid by pressure; issued plea for the Disestablishment
of the Church of Ireland and distribution of its assets, in The Church
in Ireland (1869); FRS, 1849; hon FRS, Edinburgh, 1870; LL D, Edinburgh,
1871, TCD 1873, and Glasgow 1877; D.Sc. Queen's University of Ireland,
1879, where an Andrews studenship was established in his name; d. Fort
William Park, Belfast, 26 Nov.; his papers were collected in a 500-page
volume of extent with a memoir (1889). DIB
The Scientific Papers of the late Thomas Andrews MD FRS, with a Memoir
by P. G. Tait and A. C. Brown (London: Macmillan 1889), 514pp.