Joyce’s Stylistic Parodies in the “Oxen of the Sun” Chapter of Ulysses (1922)

Source: The list as given in Don Gifford & Robert J. Seidman [new ed.] , Ulysses Annotated: Notes for James Joyc’s Ulysses (Californai UP 2008) - thus copied in Patrick Hastings, UlyssesGuide - online [accessed 21.04.2022]. A paperback edition of Hasting"s website has been published as The Guide to James Joyce’s Ulysses (US: Johns Hopkins UP [1 Feb. 2022]), 328pp. Line-numbers are those in Gabler, ed., Ulysses (1984).


  1. Roman incantatory prayer to fertility goddess: “Deshil Holles Eamus. Deshil Holles Eamus. Deshil Holles Eamus.” (1)

  2. Latin prose style of historians Sallust and Tacitus: “Universally that person’s acumen is esteemed very little perceptive” (7).

  3. Medieval Latin prose: “It is not why therefore we shall wonder if, as the best historians relate” (33).

  4. Anglo-Saxon alliterative prose of Aelfric: “Before born babe bliss had. Within womb won he worship.” (60)

  5. Middle English: “Therefore, everyman, look to that last end that is thy death” (107).

  6. Medieval travel stories from the 1400s: “And whiles they spake the door of the castle was opened” (123).

  7. Arthurian legend from the 1400s: “This meanwhile this good sister stood by the door and begged them” (167).

  8. Elizabethan history chronicles: “About that present time young Stephen filled all cups that stood empty” (277).

  9. Miltonian Latinate prose from the 1600s: “To be short this passage was scarce by when Master Dixon” (334).

  10. Religious Allegorical prose of John Bunyan: “But was Boasthard’s fear vanquished by Calmer’s words?” (429)

  11. 17th century English diarists such as Pepys: “So Thursday sixteenth June Patk. Dignam laid in clay” (474).

  12. English journalist Daniel Defoe: “With this came up Lenehan to the feet of the table” (529).

  13. Irish satirist Jonathan Swift: “an Irish bull in an English chinashop” (581).

  14. Early 1700s periodical essays in Tatler and Spectator: “Our worthy acquaintance Mr Malachi Mulligan now appeared” (651).

  15. 18th century Irish novelist and clergyman Laurence Sterne: “Here the listener who was none other than the Scotch student” (738).

  16. 18th century Irish novelist, poet, and playwright Oliver Goldsmith: “Amid the general vacant hilarity of the assembly” (799).

  17. 18th century Anglo-Irish philosopher Edmund Burke: “To revert to Mr Bloom” (845).

  18. Dublin-born politician and playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan: “Accordingly he broke his mind to his neighbor” (880).

  19. 18th century satirist Junius: “But with what fitness, lest it be asked of the noble lord” (905).

  20. Philosophical historian Edward Gibbon: “The news was imparted with a circumspection recalling the ceremonial usage” (942).

  21. Gothic novelist Walpole: “But Malachias’ tale began to freeze them with horror.” (1010)

  22. Nostalgic essayist Charles Lamb: “What is the age of the soul of man?” (1038)

  23. 19th century English Romantic Thomas Dequincey: “The voices blend and fuse in clouded silence” (1078).

  24. Landor’s “Imaginary Conversations” essays: “Francis was reminding Stephen of years before when they had been at school” (1110).

  25. English essayist and historian Macaulay: “However, as a matter of fact though, the preposterous surmise” (1174).

  26. 19th century English naturalist and evolutionist Huxley: “It had better be stated here and now” (1223).

  27. English novelist Charles Dickens: “Meanwhile the skill and patience of the physician had brought about” (1310).

  28. English convert to Catholicism Cardinal Newman: “There are sins or (let us call them as the world calls them)” (1344).

  29. English essayist Pater: “The stranger still regarded on the face before him a slow recession” (1356).

  30. Art critic Ruskin: “Mark this farther and remember. The end comes suddenly.” (1379)

  31. 19th century Scottish essayist and satirist Thomas Carlyle: “Burke’s! outflings my lord Stephen” (1391).

  32. The prose disintegrates into dialect and slang: “All off for a buster, armstrong, hollering down the street.” (1440)


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