b. [prob. at Rotunda Hosp., Dublin; 9 Feb. 1880 [var 1882 by
his own account]; son of Francis Stephens and Charlotte [née]
Collins [b. circa 1847 ; his father, a vanman and stationer’s
messenger who died two years later [1883 or 1883]; after which
his mother joined [remarried] the Collins’ family home, Dublin,
1886; and was henceforth called Mrs Collins]; Stephens found begging
and committed to the Meath Protestant Industrial School for Boys
(Blackrock), 1886-96; competed keenly in athletics with his two
brothers, in spite of his diminutive size (4’6”); ran away persistently;
ed. with his Collins brother Tom and Dick; competed with them
in a gymnastics team which won the Irish Shield, 1901 - despite
Jamess tiny stature (410; affectionately known
as Tiny Tim); enthralled by tales of military valour
in his adoptive family; first worked as clerk in the firm of Wallace
(solicitor) and later for Reddington & Sainsbury, (solicotors).;
publishes his earliest story, 1905 ("My
life began when I started writing" - rem. to step.dg. Iris];
took work as clerk-typist [stenographer] T. T. Mecredy & Son,
solicitors, 1906; announced his marriage to Cynthia
[fam.; prop. Millicent Josephine Gardiner] Kavanagh shortly after
the birth of a step-daughter, Iris (b. 14 June 1907); becomes friendly
with Arthur Griffith, 1906 and contribs. unambiguously nationalist
poems, stories, and essays to Sinn Féin; also contrib.
to Irish Worker; George Russell [AE] reads a
poem by JS in Sinn Féin, and seeks meeting, heralding
him as a new Irish genius, 1907; a son James Naoise, b. 26 Oct.
1909 [d. in an accident, 1937]; issues Insurrections (1909),
his first collection of poems - ironically sharing a title with
his later memoir of the Dublin Rising of 1916 [viz., The Insurrection
in Dublin, 1916];
travels to Paris on advice of Thomas Bodkin,
accompanied by Cynthia, 1912-15; contribs. Mary, A Story
to Irish Review (April 1911-Feb. 1912), afterwards issues
as The Charwomans Daughter (1912), ded. to the Dublin
gynecologist Bethel Solomons; issues The Crock of Gold (1912),
mixing whimsy, theosophy, and folk-tale; issues Here Are Ladies
(1913), a realistic story-sequence narrated by a garrulous old man
- the model for the Philosopher in The Crock of Gold - and
mostly about the extraordinary debate called marriage
([excepting There is a Tavern in the Town and two others];
issues The Demi-Gods (1914), a refinement of the amalgam
first seen in The Crock of Gold; learns of post at National
Gallery and applies; appointed Registrar, 1915-25 [var. 1924];
issues diary account of the Easter Rising as
Insurrection in Dublin (1916) - first published as extract
in The Green Book; in it he writes of the executions that
it was like watching blood oozing from under a door;
m. Cynthia Kavanagh, 1919, for reasons of Irish conventionality
[as Registrar at NGI]; engages in long-term project translating
of Irish saga material conceived as an Irish comèdie humaine;
issues Irish Fairy Tales (1920) - based on the Fiannaíocht;
settled in Kingsbury, London and works successfully as a BBC broadcaster,
issues In the Land of Youth (1924), a novel dealing with
Maeves [Mebhdh] war with the men of Ulster (i.e., the narrative
of Táin Bó Cuailgne); issues Collected
Poems (1926; rev. edn. 1954); undertakes the first of several
lecture tours to the USA in America under patronage of W.T.H.
Howe of Kentucky [Cincinnati; Pres. of the American Book Company];
suffered with his health and was hospitalised - Cornelius Sullivan
(a stockbrocker) attending to the cost of his return to Ireland;
meets James Joyce in Paris, 1927 - learns that Joyce believes
they shared a birthday on 2 Feb. 1882 by his own account; Joyce
suggested that Stephens complete Finnegans Wake if failing
eyesight prevented him from doing so himself; JS visits Romania
and meets Queen Marie; continues to broadcast with BBC during
World War II, professing himself English, and gives more than
seventy radio-talks during 1937-50; settles in cottage on Cotswolds
estate of Sir William Rothenstein [patron];
issues A Rhinoceros, Some Ladies, and A
Horse (1946), being the sole part of a commissioned autobiography;
passes last years in ill-health and depression; received D.Litt.
from TCD [Trinity Coll.], 1947; d. London; Mary Makebelieve
successful drama revived in 1982 Dublin Theatre Festival; The
Crock of Gold went through 46 American editions between 1912
and 1947, incl. 3 special editions for the America forces in WWII;
Cynthia survive until 1960; there is a bronze head of Stephens by
Arthur Power (1914); his step-daughter Iris m. Norman Wise [see
McFate, Uncoll. Prose, Vol. II - Acknows.]. NCBE DIW DIB
DIL OCEL KUN FDA OCIL
Note on JSs date of birth: Behind
the humorous recollections, however, is a painful reality:
no one (perhaps not even Stephens) knew the date of his birth.
He used a birthdate of 2 February 1882, also the birthdate
of James Joyce, who made much of this symbolic connection
when he discovered it. Oliver St John Gogarty and Hilary Pyle
have sought to prove that he was born on g February 1880 (and
that his father died when Stephens was two), but they have
only circumstantial evidence to present. Some critics believe
that he changed his birthdate to coincide with that of Joyce;
but his stepdaughter states that his birthday was always celebrated
on 2 February, and his friendship with Joyce came fourteen
years after his use, in 1913, of the birthdate generally accepted
for him. It may also be the case that his family name was
not Stephens, that he selected the name to  do honour to
the great Fenian leader James Stephens. He may have been the
James Stephens who was an orphan living in the Meath Protestant
Industrial School for Boys in Dublin from 1886 to 1896. He
certainly was the Stephens on the Dawson Street Gymnastic
Club when it won the Irish Shield in 1901. He worked as a
stenographer in a variety of offices - most of which are unknown
from 1896 to 1906. It is only in 1907, when Stephens became
a published author and the head of a household, that his life
can be traced. In later years, he continued to spin stories
of his youth. The fragment of a manuscript which follows is
undated. It may be viewed as autobiography or fiction; in
either case it is an interesting glimpse of the artist as
a young man. (Patricia McFate, Preface, Uncollected
Writings of James Stephens, Gill & Macmillan 1983), Vol.
James Stephens - A Chronology -
Oil by Patrick Tuohy
Granger Art (NY)
Bronze (Artist Unknown)
Head by Arthur Power (1914)
[ See also portraits ports. by
William Rothenstein, Mary Duncan, and Mervyn Peake. There is a photo-series
in the National Portrait Gallery (London), with Sir Peter Courtney
Quennell, Gilbert Spencer, the Eliots (TS & Vivien), Lady Huxley,
Samuel Solomonovich Koteliansky, et al., all taken Lady Otteline
Morrell in 1993 - online
[ top ]
- Insurrections [Verses] (Dublin: Maunsel; London:
Macmillan 1909,1912,1915), 55, pp., 8o. [ded. AE],
and Do. [6th edn. (Maunsel 1917), , 63, pp.;
- The Hill of Vision (Dublin: Maunsel; London: Macmillan
1912, 131pp.; 3rd edn. Macmillan 1922, 124pp.);
- Songs from the Clay (London: Macmillan 1915);
- Green Branches (Dublin & London: Maunsel 1916), 16pp
[elegy to leaders of 1916] [18  ltd. edn. 500] [Autumn
1915, Spring 1916, Joy Be With Us],
and Do. [new edn] (1917) [poems two and three of these
included as single longer poem under one title Spring 1916
in Collected Poems];
- Reincarnations (London: Macmillan 1918);
- A Poetry Recital (1925);
- Strict Joy (London & NY: Macmillan 1931);
- Kings and the Moon (London & NY: Macmillan 1938).
- Collected Poems of James Stephens (London: Macmillan
1926, 1931, 1941), xiv, 268pp., and Do. [another edn.]
(NY: Devin-Adair 1954), 390pp.;
- The Poems of James Stephens, ed. by Shirley Stevens Mulligan,
intro. by A. N. Jeffares (Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe 
2006), xlii, 343pp.
Samuel Adler, Four Poems of James Stephens: For High voice
and Piano (NY & London: OUP ), score 4 vols.;
see others by Samuel Barber and by Michael Bowles.
that many of the fiction
works listed below are accessible in full-text form either
in RICORSO Library
> Irish Classics or on internet
- as listed lower down this page - as infra
- The Charwomans Daughter (London: Macmillan 1912),
228pp. [see list of editions];
- The Crock of Gold (London: Macmillan 1912), 311pp. [see
editions and extract];
- Here Are Ladies (London: Macmillan 1913), 348pp [see
details & text];
- The Demi-Gods (London: Macmillan 1914); Do., [another
edn.] intro. by Augustine Martin (Dublin 1982).
- [as James Esse,] Hunger: A Dublin Story (Dublin: Candle
- Irish Fairy Tales, retold by James Stephens (London:
Macmillan 1920) [see details], ill. by
Arthur Rackham [inc. The Story of Tuan MacCairill,
1923 edn. pp.1-33]; Do. [ facs. rep.] (London: Godfrey
Cave Assoc. 1979), x+318pp, 16 pls.; Do., rep. (Dublin:
Gill & Macmillan 1995);
- In the Land of Youth (London & NY: Macmillan 1924),
- Etched in Moonlight (London & NY: Macmillan 1928),
- Deirdre (London & NY: Macmillan 1923), 286pp., and
Do. [in French trans. as Deirdre] (Paris: Stock 1947);
- How St. Patrick Saved the Irish (priv. 1931)
- Julia Elizabeth: A Comedy, in One Act (NY 1929) [orig.
developed as a dialogue in Three Lovers Lost in Here
- The Optimist (q.pub. 1929)
- The Outcast [Ariel ser.] (London: Faber & Faber1929)
|Selected & Collected Edns.
- Lloyd Frankenburg, ed., James Stephens: A Selection (London
& NY: Macmillan 1962);
- Frankenburg, ed., James, Seumas and Jacques: Unpublished
Writings (London & NY: Macmillan 1964;
- Augustine Martin, ed., Desire and Other Stories ([q.
- Patricia McFate, ed., Uncollected Prose of James Stephen,
2 vols. (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan 1983) [Vol. 1, 1907-15,
128pp., front. - see contents; Vol. 2,
1916-48, xvi, 131-299pp.];
- Shirley Stevens Mulligan, ed., The Poems of James Stephens
(Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe 2007), 361pp.
- The Insurrection in Dublin (Maunsel/Macmillan 1916),
- Arthur Griffith, Journalist and Statesman (Dublin: Wilson,
Hartnell & Co. );
- On Prose and Verse (NY: Bowling Green Press 1928);
- Themes and Variations (NY; The Fountain Press 1930) [ltd.
- How the Husband of the Thin Woman Lost his Brother,
in Irish Review (Aug 1912), pp.396-03.
- Richard J. Finneran, ed., Letters of James Stephens (London
& NY: Macmillan 1974), with listing of published writings,
xxiv+481pp., 8[pp.] plates, facs., ports.;
A BBC talk on W. B. Yeats (London 1948) - see further under
Note: Etched in Moonlight
(London: Macmillan & Co. 1928), ltd. edn. [presentation
copy For James Joyce with affectionate regards. James
Stephens; Kings and the Moon (NY: Macmillan Co. 1938)
[presentation copy: For James Joyce from James Stephens
on our birthday 2nd Feb. 1939]; see The Personal
Library of James Joyce; ed. Thomas E. Connolly (Buffalo
UL 1953), p.35.
|Ricorso Editions of the Works (in-window & download)
||Available as ..
| The Charwomans Daughter (1912)
|The Crock of Gold (1912)
|Here Are Ladies (1913)
|Irish Fairy Tales (London: Macmillan 1920)
| Insurrection - (Dublin: Maunsel 1916)
NB: .doc files will download;
others appear in frame.
|Internet Editions of the Works at Internet Archive
|The Crock of Gold (NY Macmillan )
|The Demigods (NY: Macmillan 1917)
|Irish Fairy Tales (1920), ill. Arthur Rackham
|Collected Poems (London: Macmillan 1926)
|Insurrection in Dublin (Dublin: Maunsel & Co 1916)
|The Gutenberg Project Editions of the Works
|Here Are Ladies (NY 1914)
|Irish Fairy Tales (London: Macmillan 1920)
[ top ]
(London: Macmillan 1912), 228pp. [first serialised
in The Irish Review
, ed. Thomas MacDonagh, April 1911-Feb.
1912], publ. in America as Mary, Mary
Maynard 1912); Do
. [viz., Charwoman
], rep. with
intro. by Hilary Pyle (London: Sceptre Books 1966); rep.,
with intro. by Augustine Martin (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan
1972), 128pp.; French trans. as Mary Semblant (Paris: Rieder
1927), with French preface in by Stephens; another edition
[facs. of London 1917] (USA: Andesite Press n.d.) [/ Creativemedia.io
also available at Gutenberg Project [Aus.] - online
The Crock of Gold (London:
Macmillan [Oct.] 1912), , v, , 311, p. ; 19cm.; Do.
[2nd imp. Nov. 1912; also 1913, 1914, 1916, 1918), [3pp.],
v-[vi], 311, pp., 19 cm.; Do (London: Macmillan
1922), 298pp., ill. [drawings by Wilfred Jones, some col.];
Do. [Macmillan Facsimile Classic Ser.] (London: Macmillan
1926), , v-[vi] 1-311, pp. [227pp.]; Do. [printed
by R. & R. Clark, Edinburgh] (NY: Macmillan 1926), ,
227, p., ill. [12 colour pls. and decorative headings &
tailpieces by Thomas Mackenzie]; Do. (London: Macmillan
1928), v, 311pp.; Do. (NY: Macmillan [St. Martins
Press] 1953, 1965), v-311pp.; Do. [facs. of London
1926 Edn.] (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan 1980, 1995), 227pp.
- Do., foreword specially written for the Pan edition
by Walter de la Mare (London: Pan Books 1953), 190pp., and Do.
[reps. of 1953 edn.] (1965, 1973, 1978), 190pp.
*Note: Pan is the paperback division of Macmillan,
- Do., With an introduction by Clifton Fadiman (NY: The
Limited Editions Club New York 1942), ill. [by Robert Lawson],
, 163, pp., 29.7 cm. [1,500 copies].†
†See The Monthly Letter of
The Limited Editions Club, No. 146 (June 1942), published
to coincide with distrib. of an illustrated edn. of The
Crock of Gold , which includes a preface to The Crock
of Gold by Clifton Fadiman.]
- Do., trans. as Götter, Menschen, Kobolde: eine
irische Erzählung [übertragen von Herta Hartmanshenn]
(Wiesbaden: Bu¨chdruckerei Reinhold Witting 1947), 160pp.;
- Do., trans. as Le pot dor [traduit de
langlais par A. et M. Malblanc] (Paris: F. Rieder et Cie.
: The Crock of Gold
went through 46 American editions between 1912 and 1947, incl.
3 special editions for use by the America forces in WWII. In America
the work was generally read for its Irish folklore without reference
to the satirical line of the story. (See Eamon Kelly, review of
After the Flood: Irish America, 1945-1960,
Matthew J. OBrien & James Silas Rogers,
in Books Ireland
, March 2011, p.49.) See also extracts
and plot summary, infra
; for full-text
version, see RICORSO Library
> Classics > James Stephens
- as .pdf
[in-frame] or .doc
Here are Ladies (London: Macmillan 1913), 348pp -
Contents: Women; Three Heavy Husbands; A
Glass of Bee; One and One; Three Women Who
Wept; The Triangle; The Daisies; Three
Angry People; The Threepenny Piece; Brigid;
Three Young Wives; The Horses Mistress;
Quiet Eyes; Three Lovers Who Lost; The
Blind Man; Sweet-Apple; Three Happy Places;
The Moon; There Is a Tavern in the Town
(70pp.). [See full-text copy in RICORSO Library > Irish Classics
- via index
Uncollected Prose of James Stephens,
ed. Patricia McFate, 2 vols. (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan
in Dublin (1916)
Insurrection in Dublin
[1st edn.] (Dublin & London:
Maunsel & Company Ltd 1916), xiv+111pp. [also a 2nd impression];
. (NY: Macmillan 1916), 148pp.; Do. [6th edn.] (Dublin:
Maunsel & Company Ltd 1917); Do. (NY: The Macmillan Company
1917). 148pp.; Do. (Dublin & London: Maunsel & Company
Ltd 1919). 111pp.; Do. [3rd edn.] (Chicago: Scepter Books 1965).
100pp. [copyright Iris Wyse]; Do
[rep. edn.], with an introduction
& afterword by John A. Murphy [ facs. of Maunsel Edn of 1916]
(Gerrards Cross, Bucks.: Colin Smythe 1978; rep. 1992).
xxxiv, 116pp., ill. (See extracts, infra
for full-text version, see RICORSO Library
> James Stephens - Insurrection
- in this window
also as .doc
Irish Fairy Tales,
by James Stephens, ill. by John Rackham (NY: Macmillan 1920),
318pp. CONTENTS: The Story of Tuan Mac Cairill; The Boyhood of
Fionn; The Birth of Bran; Oisins Mother; The Wooing of Becfola;
The Little Brawl at Allen; The Carl of the Drab Coat; The Enchanted
Cave of Cesh Corran; Mongans Frenzy. [Available at Sacred
accessed 25.10.2010; also at Gutenberg Project online-
and see copy in RICORSO - direct
also separately as .doc.
[Note: A signed copy of Collected Poems of James
Stephens (Macmillan 1926) [ltd. edn. 500 large paper copies],
260pp. [ded. AE; is in the possession of Joan Bullock,
Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh - a grand-neice of Shan Bullock,
[Vol. 1 128pp; Vol. II, 71pp. -
but notice that the 2 volumes are page-numbered continuously]
|Vol. 1: 1907-15
Autobiographical Fragment, pp.5-9; PROSE WRITINGS
- UNDATED The Seoinin [i.e., Shoneen/West-Briton, pp.17-20; Builders
Pages, pp.20-23; Patriotism and Parochial Politics, pp.23-26;
Irish Englishmen pp.26-29; Poetry, pp.29-32; Mrs Maurice MQuillan,
pp.32-36; Tattered Thoughts, pp.37-41; The Insurrection of 98,
pp.47-54; Success, pp.55-58; The Old Philosopher Discourses on
the Viceregal Microbe, pp.58-61; The Old Philosopher Discourses
on Government. pp.61-64; Imagination, pp.64-67; Irish Idiosyncrasies,
pp.67-76; Good and Evil, pp.76-78; On Politeness, pp.78-81; Facts,
pp.81-84; A Gaelic League Art Exhibition, pp.84-85; Caricatures,
pp.86-87; The Old Philosopher Discourses on Lawyers, pp.87-90;
The Populace Mind: I, pp.97-98; The Populace Mind: II; pp.99-101;
The Populace Mind: III, pp.102-103; The Populace Mind: IV; pp.104-106;
In Shining Armour, pp.106-109; Come Off That Fence!, pp.109-112;
Going to Work, pp.112-115; An Essay in Cubes, pp.115-125; The
Old Womans Money, pp.125-128. [Available as readable text
at Springer - online
|Vol 2 - 1916-48
Portrait of the Author as a Celebrity Frontispiece
[phot.], ix; Preface [ix]; Acknowledgements [x]; Chronology [xii].
PROSE WRITINGS -1916-25: God Bless the Work ; In the Interval
; In the Silence ; Conscription and the Return of the
Dog ; Phamphlet ; Crèpe de Chine ; Sawdust
; The Birthday Party ; Dublin/A City of Wonderful Dreams/Silent
and Voluble Folk ; Mythology/Quaint Tales of Origination/The
Cult of Death ; The Thieves ; Ireland Returning to Her
Fountains ; And Adventure in Prophecy ; The Outlook
for Literature with Special Reference to Ireland ; An Interview
with Mr James Stephens by our Special Correspondent [James Esse];
Tochmairc Etaine: The Immortal Hour
, I ; Tochmairc
Etaine: The Immortal Hour
, II ; The Novelist and Final
Utterance ]; Growth in Fiction . PROSE WRITINGS - 1926-37:
London Woos a Man ; Trying to Find the Strand ; How
St Patrick Saves the Irish ; For St Patricks Day ;
A Poetry Reading with Comments ; The Passing of Æ
, PROSE WRITINGS - 1938-48: Thomas Moore: Champion Minor
Poet ; The Period Talent of G K. Chesterton ;
W. B. Yeats: A Tribute . TWO PLAYS, 1921 & 1929: The
; Julia Elizabeth: A Comedy in One Act
; Select Bibliography [ 297]. Includes other titles. [Available
at Google Books - online
accessed 04.06.2020; TOC and some pages available at Springer
- as download
accessed 26.09.2020.] Note
: Many of the individual pieces
works are by-lined James Esse.
Patricia McFate, ed., Uncollected Prose of James Stephen
(Dublin: Gill & Macmillan 1983),
Vol. 2 - Contents [available at Google Books online
- with links to texts in blue; accessed 04.06.2020]
[ top ]
- Patricia McFate, Writings of James Stephens (London:
Macmillan 1979), xiv, 183pp. [chaps. Stephens: the Man, the Writer,
the Enigma [1-22]; The Dance of Life [23-57]; The Quest That Destiny
Commands [58-87]; Make it Sing/Make it New [88-119 - see extract];
The Art and Craft of Prose [120-41].
- Margaret Black, James Stephens: Creative Artist and Irish
Nationalist (Kent State University, Department of English
1976). Masters thesis 116pp.
- Birgit Bramsbäck, James Stephens: A Literary and Bibliographical
Study [Upsala Irish Studies, No. 4] (Upsala and Cambridge,
MA: Lundequist and Harvard University Press 1959);
Early reviews incl. Rebecca West, review of The Charwoman's
Daughter, in Freewoman: A Weekly Feminist Review,
1: 20 (4 April 1912), pp.358-88 [cited in Werner Huber, 1995,
- I. A. Williams, Bibliographies of Modern Authors: J. C. Squires
and James Stephens (Folcroft 1922), and Do. [facs.
rep.] (1973) [ltd. edn. 100 copies];
- Benedict Kiely, Clay and Gods and Men: The Worlds of James
Stephens, in The Irish Bookman (October 1946), [q.p.],
rep. in A Raid into Dark Corners and Other Essays
(Cork UP 1999), pp. 84-94;
- Vivian Mercier, James Stephens, His Version of Pastoral,
in Irish Writing, 14 (March 1951), pp.47-59;
- Oliver St John Gogarty, James Stephens? in Colby
Library Quarterly [A Tribute to James Stephens (1882-1950)]
(March 1961), pp.203-15 [available online;
accessed 2409.2020; afterwards printed in Gogartys The
- Richard Cary, James Stephens at Colby College, in
Colby Library Quarterly, 5: 9 (March 1961), pp.224-53 [Catalogue
- Birgit Bramsbrack, James Stephens: Dublin - Paris - Return,
in Colby Library Quarterly [A Tribute to James Stephens
(1882-1950)] (March 1961) , pp.203-15.
- Augustine Martin, The Crock of Gold: Fifty Years
After, in Colby Library Quarterly, 6, 4 (1962), pp.148-58
- Augustine Martin, The Short Stories of James Stephens,
in Colby Quarterly, Vol. 6 (Dec. 1963), ppp.343-53 [see extract
& copy - as attached].
- Hilary Pyle, James Stephens, His Work and An Account of His
Life (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul 1965), xi , 196pp.
[2 lvs of pls.];
- Patricia Ann McFate, James Stephenss Deirdre,
in Éire-Ireland, 4, 3 (Autumn 1969), pp.87-93 [see
- Birgit Brämsback, James Stephens: A Literary
and Bibliography Study (Uppsala/Dublin Hodges Figgis 1959);
Do. (Folcroft Lib. Eds. 1973), 209pp. [see details];
and Do. (Philadelphia, PA: R. West 1977), 209pp.;
- Richard Finneran, James Joyce and James Stephens: The
Record of a Friendship with Unpublished Letters from Joyce to
Stephens, in James Joyce Quarterly, 11, 3 (Spring
1974), pp.279-92 [see extract;
available at JSTOR - online;
- Robert Hogan, ed., The Journal of Irish Literature, Vol.
IV, 3 [, James Stephens Special Number, ed.
and intro. by Richard J. Finneran & Patricia McFate], 4, 3
(Sept. 1975), 200pp.; play-version of The Demi-gods, 3
acts; also Uncollected Early Writings, ed. Patricia
McFate, pp.47-61 - incls. fiction, poetry, essays, and book reviews.
- Augustine Martin, James Stephens, A Critical Study (Dublin:
Gill & Macmillan 1977), xii, 177pp. [see extract];
- Richard J. Finneran, Letters of James Stephens: with an appendix
listing Stephenss published writings (London: Macmillan
- Richard Finneran, Literature and Nationality in the Work
of James Stephens, in South Atlantic Bulletin, XL:
4 (Nov. 1975), pp.18-25.
- Jochen Achilles, The Charwomans Daughter and the
Emergence of National Psychology, in Irish University
Review, XI: 2 (Autumn 1981), pp.184-97.
Richard Finneran, The Olympian and the Leprechaun, W. B. Yeats
and James Stephens [New Yeats Papers 16] (Dublin: Dolmen 1978),
- John A. Murphy, intro. & afterword to James Stephens, The
Insurrection in Dublin [rep. edn.] (Gerrards Cross,
Bucks.: Colin Smythe 1978), xxxivpp.
- Alan Warner, James Stephens, in A Guide to Anglo-Irish
Literature (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan 1981), pp.121-131;
- Jochen Achilles, The Charwomans Daughter
and the Emergence of National Psychology, in Irish University
Review 11, 2 (Autumn 1981), pp.184-97 [see first page - infra.]
- Anthony Cronin, James Stephens: The Gift of the Gab,
in Heritage Now: Irish Literature in the English Language
(Dingle: Brandon 1982), pp.147-55;
- Steven Putzel, James Stephenss Paradoxical Dublin,
in The Irish Writer and the City, ed. Maurice Harmon (Gerrards
Cross 1984), pp.103-14.
- Steven Putzel, Portraits of Paralysis: Stories by Joyce
and Stephens, Colby Library Quarterly, 20: 4 (Dec.
1984), pp.199-205 [available online];
- Léon Ó Bróin, Protestant Nationalists
in Revolutionary Ireland (1985), p.129 [see extract];
- John Cronin, James Stephens, The Crock of Gold,
in The Anglo-Irish Novel, Vol. II (Belfast: Appletree Press
- Brigit Bramsback: James Stephens and Paris: Insight […]
from Letters to Thomas Bodkin, in Ireland and France
- A Bountiful Friendship: Essays in Honour of Patrick Rafroidi,
ed. Barbara Hayley & Christopher Murray (Gerrards Cross:
Colin Smythe 1992), pp.93-106 [being an enl. vers. of Bramsback,
James Stephens: Dublin-Paris-Return, in Colby Library
Quarterly, ed. D. Archibald (March 1961), pp.21-224.
- Michael F. Hart, The Sign of Contradiction: Joyce, Yeats,
and The Tables of the Law Colby Library Quarterly,
30: 4 (Dec. 1994), pp.237-42;
- Werner Huber, Towards a Comédie Humaine of
Ireland The Politics of James Stephenss Early Novels,
in Troubled Histories, Troubled Fictions: Twentieth-century
Anglo-Irish Prose, ed. Theo d Haen, José Lanters
[The Literature of Politics and the Politics of Literature, Vol.
4] (Amsterdam & Atlanta, GA: Rodopi 1995), pp.95-104 [see extract].
- Joseph Lennon, James Stephenss Diminutive National
Narratives: Imagining an Irish Nation Based on the Orient,
in The Comparatist, Postcolonial Theory and Irish
Literature [Special Issue, guest ed., Michael R. Molino],
Vol. XX [Virginia Commonwealth Univ.] (May 1996), pp.62-81.
- William Sayers, Mollys Monologue and the Old Womans
Complaint in James Stephenss The Crock of Gold,
in James Joyce Quarterly, 36: 3 (Spring 1999), pp.640-50;
available at JSTOR - online];
- Derek John, James Stephens (1880-1950), in The
Green Book: Writings on Irish Gothic, Supernatural and Fantastic
Literature, 12 [Swan River Press] (Samhain 2018), pp.80-88
See also numerous references in Richard Ellmann, James
Joyce (OUP 1959), cp.1,930; introductions to The Charwoman"s
Daughter, by Hilary Pyle (London: Sceptre Books 1966) and Augustine
Martin (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan 1972)
Birgit Brämsback, James Stephens:
A Literary and Bibliography Study (Folcroft Lib. Eds. 1973), 209pp.,
ill. [1p. pl., front.]. Photo port. courtesy Lady Glenavy. CONTENTS:
Manuscript material of James Stephens work, except letters; Unpublished
letters; Separate publications of James Stephens; Books containing
publications by Stephens; Contributions by JS to periodicals and Newspapers;
Biography and Criticism; addenda; chronological table of separate
publications; lists of newspapers and periodicals; BBC recordings;
index. [See extract.]
[Note: Lady Glenavy, wife of
the Free State senator, was formerly Miss Beatrice Elvery and a graduate
of the Dublin Metropolitan College of Art.]
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See separate file [ infra ]
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See separate file [ infra ]
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Stephen Brown, Ireland in Fiction (Dublin: Maunsel 1919), lists
The Charwomans Daughter (1912); The Crock of Gold
(1912); Here are Ladies (1913); The Demi-Gods (1914).
Mark Storey, Poetry and Ireland
since 1800, A Source Book (1988), pp.178-88, reprints The Outlook
for Literature with Special Reference to Ireland, from Century
Georgian Poetry 1911-1912
(The Poetry Bookshop MCMXVIII ), incls. poems by Stephens, viz.,
In the Poppy Field; In the Cool of the Evening;
The Lonely God [all from The Hill of Vision]. Note:
edn. printed by W H Smith with title facing published December,
Seamus Deane, gen. ed., The
Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (Derry: Field Day 1991), Vol.
2; selects from The Hill of Vision Light-O-Love;
from Songs of the Clay, The Ancient Elf; from Collected
Poems, The Snare, A Glass of Beer, I
Am a Writer; also, extracts from The Crock of Gold (Bk.
1, Chap. VII); and Hunger (1918), based on the Lock-Out Strike
of 1913. REFS & REMS, 521, 781, 1010, 1023, 1025, 1026, 1220; 1219,
BIOG, WORKS & CRIT.
Hyland Books (Cat. 214) lists
The Crock of Gold [first illustrated edn.] (1922), ill. b Wilfred Jones
[Hyland 214]; another edn. 1926, ills. in colour and decorative headings
and tailpieces by Thomas Mackenzie; Deirdre, Do., French trans. (1947);
another edn. (NY 1970), ills. Nonny Hogrogian
Library of Herbert Bell, Belfast,
holds Green Branches (London 1917)); Irish Fairy Tales, ill. Arthur Rackham
(London 1920); The Charwomans Daughter (London 1912); Where There
are Ladies (London 1913); In The Land of Youth (London 1914); The Demi-Gods
(London 1914); The Adventures of Seamus Beg (London 1916); The Insurrection
in Dublin (Dublin 1916); Insurrections (London 1917); Reincarnations (London
1918); The Hill of Vision (London 1922); Deirdre (London 1923); The Crock
of Gold (London 1923); The Crock of Gold (London 1926); Etched in Moonlight
(London 1928); The Outcast (London: Faber & Faber, 1929), col. fp.
by Althea Willoughby; Strict Joy (London 1931); Kings & The Moon (London
Belfast Public Library holds
Adventures of Seumus Beg (1915); The Charwomans Daughter (1912);
Collected Poems (1912); Crock of Gold (1913); Deirdre (1923); Here Are
Ladies (1913); Hill of Vision (1912); Insurrection in Dublin (1919);
Irish Fairy Tales (1920); Kings and the Moon (1938); The Outcast (n.d.).
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The Crock of Gold (1912)
is an amalgam of existential whimsy, theosophy and folk-tale with a cast
of leprechauns, talking animals, the god Angus Óg as well as two
philosophers married to the Grey Woman of Dun Goftin and the Thin Woman,
ending with a magnificent hosting of the Sidhe. The story begins when
Meehawl MacMurrachus skinny old cat kills a robin redbreast on the
roof one day, thus setting in motion a long and peculiar chain of events
since the robin is the particular bird of the Leprecauns of Gort na Gloca
Mora, causing them to retaliate by stealing Meehawls wifes
washing-board - whereupon Meehawl turns to the Philosopher who lives in
the centre of Coilla Doraca (a pine-wood) for advice on how to find it.
The chain of events leads on further until Angus Ó, the god, becomes
involved and ends up marrying Caitilin, the daughter of a local farmer.
Stephens returned to this a mythological formula though handling it more
effectively in The Demi-Gods (1914). [Notes in part from Fantastic
Fiction website, online;
W. B. Yeats: Yeatss personal
library, now held in the NLI (Dublin) contains a copies of The
Hill of Vision (MS 40,568 / 231; OShea Cat. 2002:
6 shts); Reincarnations (MS 40,568 / 232; OShea Cat.
2004: 2 shts).
|James Stephens and James
James Joyce (1): Joyce
envisaged when the met that he might complete Finnegans Wake;
but see Stephens opinion of Joyce on the publication Dubliners,
to the effect that we in Dublin knew the poet to be the
real Joyce]. In James Stephenss view, reported in
Ellmanns James Joyce, Anna Livia Plurabelle is the
greatest prose ever written by a man (James Joyce , p.617;
quoted in John Bishop, The Book of the Night 1989 [q.p.].)
James Joyce (2): Joyce
translates St Stephens Green into French, German,
Latin, Norwegian and Italian to celebrate his joint-fiftieth anniversary
with Stephens in May 1932; further, He hoped to have Stephens
translate it into Irish, but Stephens did not know the language
well enough (Ellmann, James Joyce, 1959; 1965 Edn.,
p.668.) Ellmann quotes Stephens modest poem
and asserts that it scarcely demanded such linguistic virtuosity:
The wind stood up and gave a shout. / He whistled on his
fingers and // Kicked the withered leaves about / And tumbed the
branches with his hand // And said hed kill and kill and
kill / And so he will and so he will. (Ibid., ftn.)
James Joyce (3) - letter
to Harriet Shaw Weaver [following her dismissal of FW as wasting
[your] genius]: As regards that book itself and its
future completion, I have asked Miss Beach to get into closer
relations with James Stephens. [...] He is a poet and Dublin born.
Of course he would never take a fraction of the time or pains
I take but so much the better for him and for me and possibly
for the book itself. If he consented to maintain three or four
points which I consider essential and I showed him the threads
he could finish the design. JJ and S (the colloquial Irish for
John Jameson and Son’s Dublin whiskey) would be a nice lettering
under the title. it would be a great load off my mind. (Letter
to Harriet Shaw Weaver, 20 May 1927.) Further: The combination
of his name from that of mine and my hero in (A Portrait) is strange
enough. I discovered yesterday, through enquiries made in Paris,
that he was born in Dublin on 2 February 1882. (Letter to
Harriet Shaw Weaver, 31 May 1927; given in Peter Chrisp, Happy
Birthday, Mr Joyce: Wake Blog dated 2 Feb. 2014- online;
Further - Chrisp writes: He spent
a week in November (1929) explaining to James Stephens the whole
plan of Finnegans Wake. Stephens promised him 'if I found it
was madness to continue, in my condition, and saw no other way
out, that he would devote himself heart and soul to the completion
of it. (Letter to HSW, Nov. 1927; quoted in Chrisp, op.
“S”: The attribution of “The Greatest Miracle”,
signed “S” in the United Irishman (16 Sept. 1905),
to Stephens is a canard: Seumas OSullivan wrote it and republished
it in Essays and Recollections (Dublin: Talbot Press, 1944), pp.141-43.
(See Vivian Mercier, John Eglinton as Socrates: A Study of Scylla
and Charybdis, in James Joyce: An International Perspective,
ed. Suheil Bushrui & Bernard Benstock, Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe
1982, p.66, n.)
Austin Clarke reports in A
Penny in the Clouds (Chap. 3) that Stephen McKenna taught
Irish to James Stephens, and to his enthusiasm and help we owe Reincarnations
F. R. Higgins told Austin Clarke
how he mistook James Stephens for a bundel of rags in the wind as he
walked through Rathgar, drowned in an outsized French cavalry officers
Portraits: oil portrait by Patrick
Tuohy, now in the National Gallery of Ireland, shows him in his candle-extinguisher
coat; an early portrait was made by Estelle Solomons, while a third, by
William Rothenstein, is in the possession of Iris Wise, who holds the
copyright of his works. Solomons was a neighbour with a studio in the
flat above him on Brunswick St. (see Hilary Pyle, Estelle Solomons,
Patriot Portrait, 1966). The Rothenstein portrait of Stephens was
lent to the Irish Portraits Exhibition in 1965.
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- A Chronology (I)
||9 Feb.; possible date of birth of James Stephens
||(2 February) Date of birth used by Stephens.
||Meath Protestant Industrial School for Boys.
||Clerk for Mr Wallace, a solicitor.
||Clerk for Reddington & Sainsbury, solicitors; Member of
gymnastic team which wins the Irish Shield.
||Clerk-typist for T. T. Mecredy & Son, solicitors.
|| Regular contribs. to Sinn Féin; a step-daughter,
Iris, b. 14 June, soon after calling her mother Cynthia is wife
[Millicent Josephine Gardiner Kavanagh; 22 May 1882–18
Dec. 1960); meets George Æ Russell.
||Insurrections [poetry]; appears in two productions
of The Shuilers Child by Seumas OKellys
play (Theatre of Ireland Co.); a son, James Naoise, b. 26 Oct.
|| Appears in The Spurious Sovereign by Gerald Macnamara
(Theatre of Ireland); assoc. with David Houston, Thomas MacDonagh,
and Padraic Colum in The Irish Review (March 1911-Nov.
|| Appeared Bairbre Ruadh by Pádraic Ó
Conaire; his The Marriage of Julia Elizabeth produced
by Theatre of Ireland.
|| The Charwomans Daughter serialised in The
Irish Review and then by Talbot; pub. The Crock of Gold
[fiction; The Hill of Vision [poetry].
|| Here Are Ladies [short fiction]; and Five New Poems;
commissioned by The Nation (London) to write a series
of short stories; moved to Paris; The Marriage of Julia Elizabeth
revived at the Hardwicke Street Theatre; The Crock of Gold
awarded Polignac Prize.
|| The Demi-Gods.
|| Songs from the Clay and The Adventures of Seumas
Beg/The Rocky Road to Dublin; elected Unestablished Registrar
of the National Gallery of Ireland.
||Green Branches [poetry]; The Insurrection in Dublin.
|| Appointed Registrar of the National Gallery of Ireland.
||m. Cynthia on death of her husband, 14 May (London).
|| Irish Fairy Tales; The Wooing of Julia Elizabeth
[formerly The Marriage of Julia Elizabeth] produced
by the Dublin Drama League at the Abbey Th.; underwent surgery
for for gastric ulcer.
||Arthur Griffith: Journalist and Statesman.
|| Little Things, and In the Land of Youth; Deirdre
wins Medal for Fiction at the Aonach Tailteann Festival; resigns
from the National Gallery.
||A Poetry Recital, Danny Murphy and Christmas
in Freelands; two lecture tours in the USA; settled in Kingsbury,
||Became friendly with James Joyce.
|| Etched in Moonlight and On Prose and Verse;
made a BBC broadcast; lectured at the Third International Book
Fair in Florence.
||Julia Elizabeth: A Comedy in One Act; The Optimist,
and The Outcast [Fabers Ariel pamphlets, ill.
|| Theme and Variations.
|| How St Patrick Saves the Irish; Stars Do Not Make
a Noise, and Strict Joy [poetry].
|| Began regular series of BBC broadcasts; accidental death
of his son James, 24 Dec.
||Kings and the Moon [poetry].
|| Moved to Woodside Chapel in Gloucestershire.
||Awarded a British Civil List Pension.
||Returned to London.
||Awarded honorary DLitt by Trinity College, Dublin.
||Final BBC broadcast; d. Eversleigh, 26 Dec. [St. Stephens
: The above chronology is
closely based on that given in the Wikipedia
on the writer - online
accessed 03.08.2020. See below the Chronology given in
Patricia McFate, ed., The Uncollected Prose of James
ed. Patricia McFate (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan
1983), Vol. II, pp.[vii-]viii, as infra.
- A Chronology (II)
Given in Patricia McFate, ed., The
Uncollected Prose of James Stephen, ed. Patricia McFate
(1983), Vol. II.
—McFate, ed., Uncoll.
Prose of James Stephens
(Dublin: Gill & Macmillan
1983), pp.vii-viii - available as download
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